Regular physical exercise reduces the risk of premature mortality in general, and of coronary heart disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Physical activity also improves mental health and is important for health and optimal function of muscles, bones and joints.
Each one of us has a physical body made of muscles, blood, bones and various other living tissue. When any of these are injured or not working properly then we get ill. Nobody likes to be ill. So, it is important that we keep our body healthy and fit. Exercising the body is one way of keeping our body healthy. Let’s discuss some obvious and important benefits of exercising:
- If we do not exercise then our muscles become weaker and we are less able to do things properly.
- Due to the lack of exercise, our bones can become weaker and thus break easily
- Exercising prevents aging, and strengthens muscles
- Frequent and regular physical exercise
- boosts the immune system and helps prevent “diseases of affluence” such as cardiovascular, type 2 diabetes, and obesity
- It may also help prevent stress and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to
- treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health.
- Exercise helps our body maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas.
- It regulate fertility and augment an individual’s sex appeal or body image, which has been found to be linked with higher levels of self-esteem.
- Childhood obesity is a growing global concern, and physical exercise may help decrease some of the effects of childhood and adult obesity.
- Exercise lowers blood pressure, slightly decreases the levels of total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (the bad cholesterol), and increases the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the good cholesterol). These helpful effects decrease the risk of heart attack, stroke, and coronary artery disease
- Exercise may also improve balance by increasing strength of the tissues around joints and throughout the body, thus helping to prevent falls.
- Weight-bearing exercise, such as brisk walking and weight training, strengthens bones and helps prevent osteoporosis
- Regular physical activity increases memory and ability to learn new things. Getting sweaty increases production of cells in hippocampus responsible for memory and learning.